Titled “Radio Sawa and Alhurra TV: Opening Channels of Mass
Communication in the Middle East,” the chapter was written by Norman J. Pattiz, Chairman of the Middle East Committee of the Broadcasting Board of Governors. It appears in the book, Engaging the Arab & Islamic Worlds through Public Diplomacy: A Report and Action
Recommendations, edited by William A. Rugh, copyright 2004 by the Public Diplomacy Council, School of Media and Public Affairs, The George Washington University.
Imprisoned in Azerbaijan
Investigative journalist and RFE/RL contributor Khadija Ismayilova was arrested and detained on Dec 5, 2014. On Sept 1, 2015 she was sentenced to 7 1/2 years in prison.
1 year 4 months 30 days